Having a grasp on which actions are necessary at various stages of the CAPA process is critical to a quality program.
Mistake proofing is used in product, process, and service design and development as well as in ongoing operations and improvement applications. The goal with mistake-proofing is to find and correct mistakes, errors, or omissions as close to the source as possible, when the mistakes cost less to correct than if found later.
A root cause investigation may be formal or informal. Things happen, at work, at home, anywhere. The investigation methodology remains the same. Only the level of documentation changes to fit the situation.
We now test the possible causes against the facts in the IS / IS NOT Diagram to see which ones make sense. This is where the investments made in defining the problem and getting the facts pay off!
The third step of the investigation is to develop a list of possible causes. All too often investigators stumble at this point as they rely solely on the fish-bone diagram.
In this third of a series of articles on conducting a root cause investigation, we explore a second key investment every investigator should make: assuring you have the facts! Unfortunately, investigators are often under tremendous pressure to complete the investigation and assume the information they have is entirely correct. As a result days, or weeks, are wasted going down the wrong path.
In this second of a series of articles on conducting a root cause investigation we explore a key investment every investigator should make: understanding the problem before defining a solution! Unfortunately, investigations often begin by brainstorming possible causes and prioritizing them for further analysis – leading to a trial and error approach resulting in a prolonged, expensive, and often failed investigation. With Step 1 we try to truly understand the performance problem.
This is the first of a series of articles on conducting a root cause investigation. The model applies to a Corrective Action/ Preventive Action or CAPA investigation, as well as any other type of investigation. In this premier article, we describe a model for conducting a science-based, systematic investigation leaving future articles to delve into more detail as the individual steps are explored, specific tools are highlighted, and example investigations are reviewed.